on entrepreneurship education recommends the integration of entrepreneurs
and professionals into higher-education curricula design and delivery.
relaunched Lisbon agenda (February 2005) stresses the importance of promoting a more
entrepreneurial culture and creating a supportive environment for SMEs to
deliver stronger growth and more and better jobs. Indeed, research
suggests that there is a positive correlation between entrepreneurship and
economic growth, in particular in high-income countries.
Commission published, in February 2006, a Communication
outlining a set of recommendations to foster entrepreneurship education in Europe. Implementing the Community Lisbon
Programme: Fostering entrepreneurial mindsets through education and learning
states that "if Europe
wants to successfully maintain its social model, it needs more economic growth,
more new firms, more entrepreneurs willing to embark in innovative ventures,
and more high-growth SMEs".
entrepreneurship among young people is also a key element of the European Youth Pact (http://europa.eu/youth/news/index_1794_en.html)
adopted by the European Council in March 2004.
entitled "Entrepreneurship education in Europe
- fostering entrepreneurial mindsets through education and learning" took
place in Oslo on
26-27 October 2006 (http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/entrepreneurship/support_measures/training_education/oslo.htm
. The conference, jointly organised by the Commission and the Norwegian
government, gathered relevant stakeholders to discuss the related policies
and practices at all levels of
and representatives from different public departments, business
associations, representatives from schools and universities, experts and
researchers shared good practice and discussed, in a number of
workshops, entrepreneurship in kindergarten, primary, secondary and higher
Each workshop elaborated
concrete initiatives on how to put the recommendations of the recent
Commission Communication (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/site/en/com/2006/com2006_0033en01.pdf
) into practice. Among the recommendations put
forward are creation of a better platform of projects and teaching
materials, better transfer of the processes of best practice projects and more
conference also recommended embedding entrepreneurship within secondary school
curricula but did not say whether this should
be voluntary or mandatory. The role of teachers and educators and
their appropriate training was highlighted as crucial at all
levels of education.
workshop on entrepreneurship in higher education recommended integration
of entrepreneurs and professionals in curricula design and delivery and
highlighted the need to clarify the outcomes we seek from higher education.