Established in the late 1970s, with their own legislation from 1985, the Danish Production Schools offer
second chance education to youngsters under the age of 25 who do not have any formal education and
therefore are exposed to long term unemployment.
The schools are based on the idea of integrating personal and vocational (metal-products, wood-products,
etc.). They are private foundations, based on local initiative. The schools are funded by local authorities,
the State and by the sale of the school workshops´ products. In 1997, 10,000 youngsters attended
the 110 production schools in Denmark. All students receive a taxable school grant.
The schools are based on the "folkeoplysning" tradition, on the pedagogy of practical work which
aims at the development of self-confidence and competence for life. The workshops have 7-10 students
per teacher. Participants may choose to attend courses in general education, like the Danish language,
foreign languages, computer, maths, etc. Extra activities like school camps and exchange visits abroad are
organised. Students can be enrolled or dismissed all year round, and there are no limitations on the length
of the course. The local district can refer young unemployed people to the schools. 20% are referred.